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Blood clots are usually caused by:. An embolism is a blood clot from one part of the body that becomes dislodged and travels into one of the arteries that supplies the brain. An embolism can cause a TIA. A minor brain hemorrhage small amount of bleeding in the brain can cause a TIA; however, this is rare.

Medication after TIA and stroke fact sheet — Stroke Foundation - Australia

Treatment will depend on the cause of the TIA. The doctor may prescribe medication that lowers the risk of a blood clot, or recommend surgery or an angioplasty. The type of medication prescribed will depend on what caused the TIA, how severe it was, and what part of the brain was affected. Anti-platelet drugs: These make platelets in the blood less likely to stick together and form a clot that can block blood flow. Anti-platelet drugs include:. Aspirin and dipyridamole: Some doctors may prescribe Aggrenox, which contains both aspirin and dipyridamole.

Some doctors may recommend ticlopidine Ticlid. Clopidogrel: If a person has experienced severe side effects from taking aspirin, had a further TIA despite taking aspirin, or has arterial disease, the doctor may prescribe clopidogrel Plavix. Anticoagulants: Anti-coagulants interfere with many other medications, other over-the-counter drugs, and herbs.

Always talk to your doctor before taking any other medication or herbs when on anticoagulants. Warfarin Coumadin and heparin: Warfarin can be used long-term, while heparin is used short-term. Medications for hypertension : Various medications are available to treat blood pressure. However, if an individual is unfit and overweight, blood pressure can often be brought down by losing weight, doing exercise, getting at least 7 hours good quality sleep every night, and eating a well-balanced healthful diet.

Medications for cholesterol : As with hypertension , losing weight, following a well-balanced diet, doing regular exercise, and sleeping at least 7 hours every night can help bring cholesterol levels back to normal. Sometimes medications are necessary and the person may be prescribed a statin, which helps reduce the production of cholesterol.

Medication after TIA and stroke fact sheet

An operation called a carotid endarterectomy involves removing part of the lining of the damaged carotid artery, as well as any blockage that has accumulated in the artery. This operation is not suitable for people whose arteries are nearly completely blocked. Even some people with partial blockage may not be suitable for this procedure because of the risk of stroke during the operation. Anybody who has signs and symptoms of a TIA should seek medical attention immediately. As TIAs do not last very long, it is possible that the symptoms will have disappeared by the time the person gets to see their doctor.